The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics
[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.541-563
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 27 Aug 2020 Revised 21 Sep 2020 Accepted 25 Sep 2020

대학 신입생의 영어 학습 동기 변화 양상 및 변화 기여 요소

Changes in English learning motivation of Korean college freshmen and factors affecting the changes
Yoon-Kyoung Kim

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study explores what patterns of motivational changes Korean college freshmen go through regarding their English learning and what factors contribute to those changes during their freshman year. A total of 104 freshmen taking mandatory English courses at a university located in Gyeonggi province participated in a questionnaire survey in December 2019. First, they were asked to draw a graph showing the levels of their interest and motivation in learning English from March to December, by choosing a number from minus 3 to 3 for each month. Then, they provided reasons why they possessed the high, moderate, or low levels of motivation at a particular time, by answering to an open-ended question. The findings indicated that a majority of the participants (about 65%) began the new semester with relatively high levels of L2 learning motivation, deriving from their new semester resolutions and expectations about new ways of L2 learning. However, their motivation gradually decreased, due to negative influences of assessment, comparisons with others, and dissatisfaction with the current learning methods. It also went down over time when the learners hardly found a sense of purpose or personal reasons for learning English. Based on the results, suggestions for helping college freshmen manage their English learning motivation were discussed.


college learners of English, freshman, motivation, demotivation, remotivation


이 논문 또는 저서는 2019년 대한민국 교육부와 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF-2019S1A5B5A07087298).


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김윤경(Kim, Yoon-Kyoung), 연구전담교수(Research Professor)중앙대학교 영어교육과(Department of English Education, Chung-Ang University)서울특별시 동작구 흑석로 84 (84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul)Tel: 02) 820-5391E-mail: