The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics
[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.801-828
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 29 Oct 2020 Revised 20 Nov 2020 Accepted 15 Dec 2020

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Language Ideologies in ESL Class and International Students’ Critical Language Awareness

Jung Sook Kim
Daegu University

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although diversity is promoted on campuses, international students in higher education have been negatively perceived in terms of their cultural and linguistic difference. The ambivalence of diversity discourse merits a more nuanced exploration of ideologies that entail various forms of discrimination and inequality. Informed by critical discourse studies, this article investigates the manifestation of raciolinguistic ideologies in an English as a second language classroom at a university and illuminates how those ideologies influence international students’ identities. The findings of this study relate to moments of discursive conflict involving the use of a discursive device, language disclaimer. The language disclaimer represents a critical juncture at which the subtle workings of raciolinguistic ideologies are made visible by the international students’ critical language awareness of those ideologies. This article highlights the students’ critical reflexivity and the discursive strategies they deployed for identity negotiation in opposition to dominant ideologies. In doing so, it aims to challenge and change the raciolinguistic ideologies permeating all layers of society.


language ideologies, critical language awareness, critical discourse analysis, language disclaimer, identity negotiation


This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018S1A5B8070580).


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Kim, Jung SookResearch Professor, Center for Multiculturalism and Social PolicyDaegu UniversityEmail: