The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.157-179
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 02 Feb 2020 Revised 30 May 2020 Accepted 30 Jun 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15738/kjell.20..202006.157

Increased Usage of Syntactic Resources in Turn-taking as the Indicators for IC Development
Kim, Du Re
Jamsin High School


Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Responding to a call by Pekarek Doehler and Pochon-Berger (2015) to investigate the relationship between L2 syntax in turn-taking and interactional competence (IC), the main purpose of this empirical study is to find the evidence of IC construct and its development by comparing how L2 users of different proficiency apply syntactic resources for constructing turn construction units (TCUs) and for projecting possible turn-taking points in talk-in-interaction. The study shows that novice L2 participants depended on a single word or simple repeats in the formation of turn construction units (TCUs) and applied limited syntactic resources for projecting turn transition places. Intermediate L2 speakers, on the other hand, utilized more complicated syntactic resources in constructing TCUs and in projecting possible completion points so that the co-participants could find sequentially relevant places to take turns. The result of the study also displays that TCU construction without evident and substantial syntactic resources required further decoding work for the recipients to disambiguate speakers’ actions. The study argues turn-taking practice significantly rely on L2 users’ affordedness to use syntactic resources for constructing TCUs, as it clearly demonstrates speakers’ current action under way, which confirms that IC development is closely interrelated to L2 syntactic development.


Keywords: second language acquisition, conversation analysis, turn-takings, turn construction unit (TCU), interactional competence

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Du Re Kim (High School Teacher)Jamsin High School, Jamsil-ro 22, Songpa-gu, Seoul(02)417-8771, 070-4666-7338dorothea@sen.go.kr