The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

Current Issue

Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.228-256
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 22 Jun 2020 Revised 26 Jun 2020 Accepted 30 Jun 2020

영어 교사연구자의 교수 및 연구 동기 변화와 요인

The changes in English teacher-researchers’ motivations towards teaching and research and their instigating factors
Ahn, Kyungja

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funding Information ▼


This study aims to explore changes in motivation that English teacher-researchers have towards teaching and research and the factors that prompted the changes. Ten in-service elementary English teachers participated in the study. Of the ten participants, four were doctoral candidates enrolled in an English teacher education course, and the remaining six were master’s students in a thesis-advising seminar. Surveys, journals, interviews, and final papers or master’s theses were collected. The data were qualitatively analyzed. Four patterns were found in regards to the participants’ level of motivation towards teaching and research: continuous low motivations, dynamic changes in motivations, highly maintained motivations with close relationships with participating students and teachers, and continuous high motivations to conduct action research. The factors that prompted the teacher-researchers’ changes in motivation were (a) intrinsic motivation related to teacher-researchers’ responsibilities for teaching and research as well as willingness to develop professionally, (b) research and teaching process and context, (c) interactions with colleagues in the research community provided by the teacher education program, (d) students’ reactions and feedback, (e) becoming an English subject teacher, and (f) multi-tasking in school work and individual factors. The results indicate the importance of improving English teacher-researchers’ motivations for their professional development. Further important implications regarding teacher-researchers’ development were discussed.

Keywords: teacher-researcher, teaching motivation, researching motivation, change in motivation, second language teacher education


이 논문 또는 저서는 2017년 대한민국 교육부와 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF-2017S1A5A2A01027357).

1. 김신혜(Kim, S. H.). 2011. 한국 영어교사들의 동기요인에 관한 연구(Korean English teachers’ motivation: An exploratory study). ≪언어과학연구≫(The Journal of Linguistics Science) 58, 1-18.
2. 김영미(Kim, Y. M). 1999. 교사동기에 영향을 미치는 요인분석(Factors affecting EFL teacher motivation). ≪교육연구≫(Research in Education) 7, 79-102.
3. 김종영⋅안경자(Kim, J. and K. Ahn). 2016. 한국 초등 영어 전담 교사의 교수 동기 변화에 대한 사례 연구(A case study of the changes in South Korean elementary English teachers’ motivation). ≪초등영어교육≫(Primary English Education) 22-1, 113-140.
4. 문시인⋅안경자(Moon, S. and K. Ahn). 2020. 한국 초등영어교사의 소진: 유발 및 극복 요인을 중심으로(Teacher burnout of elementary English teachers in South Korea: Focusing on causes and cures). Studies in English Education 25-2. 187-214.
5. 안경자(Ahn, K.). 2015. 영어교육에 게재된 영어 교사교육 관련 연구 분석(An analysis of articles on teacher education in English Teaching). ≪영어교육≫(English Teaching) 70-5, 161-192.
6. 안경자(Ahn, K.). 2017. 초등영어교사의 교사연구자로서의 인식 및 정체성(Perceptions and identities of elementary English teachers as teacher-researchers). ≪한국초등교육≫(Korean Journal of Elementary Education) 28-1, 277-292.
7. Ahn, K. 2015. EFL teacher identities: A narrative inquiry into primary English teachers’ autobiographic essays. Proceedings of 2015 International Korea Association of Primary English Education, 109-112.
8. Aydin, S. 2012. Factors causing demotivation in EFL teaching process: A case study. The Qualitative Report 17, 1-13.
9. Bailey, K. M., A. Curtis and D. Nunan. 2001. Pursuing Professional Development: The Self as a Source. Scarborough, Ontario: Heinle & Heinle.
10. Bogdan, R. B. and S. K. Biklin. 1998. Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods (3rd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
11. Creswell, J. W. 2003. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
12. Dinham, S. and C. Scott. 2000. Moving into the third, outer domain of teacher satisfaction. Journal of Educational Administration 38(4), 379-396.
13. Dörnyei, Z. and E. Ushioda. 2011. Teaching and Researching Motivation (2nd ed.). New York: Pearson.
14. Freeman, D. 1989. Teacher training, development, and decision making: A model of teaching and relative strategies for language teacher education. TESOL Quarterly 23(1), 27-45.
15. Johnson, C. R. 2001. Factors influencing motivation and demotivation in Mexican EFL teachers. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 459 605)
16. Johnson, K. E. 2009. Second Language Teacher Education: A Sociocultural Perspective. New York: Routledge.
17. Kim, T. Y., Y. K. Kim and Q. M. Zhang. 2014. Differences in demotivation between Chinese and Korean English teachers: A mixed methods study. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher 23(2), 299-310.
18. Norton, B. and M. Early. 2012. Researcher identity, narrative inquiry, and language teaching research. TESOL Quarterly 45(3), 415-439.
19. Pennington, M. C. 1995. Work satisfaction, motivation, and commitment in teaching English as a second language. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 404 850)
20. Pennington, M. C. and P. V. Riley. 1991. Measuring job satisfaction in ESL using the job descriptive index. Retrieved from
21. Sugino, T. 2010. Teacher demotivational factors in the Japanese language teaching context. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences 3, 216-226.
22. Vygotsky, L. S. 1978. Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

안경자(Ahn, Kyungja), 교수(Professor)서울 서초구 서초중앙로 96(96 Seocho Jungang-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul)서울교육대학교 영어교육과(Dept. of English Education, Seoul National Uiversity of Education)Tel: 02-3475-2565E-mail: