The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

Current Issue

Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.564-587
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 21 Aug 2020 Revised 18 Sep 2020 Accepted 24 Sep 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15738/kjell.20..202009.564

코퍼스를 기반으로 한 동사 Begin과 Start의 보어결합 양상연구: To 부정사와 동명사를 중심으로
전지유** ; 이신웅***
**제1저자: 한양대학교 영어영문학과 석사과정 졸업
***교신저자: 한양대학교 영어영문학과 교수

A corpus-based study of the complements of begin and start: With a focus on to-infinitives and gerunds
Jiyou Jun** ; Shinwoong Lee***

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funding Information ▼

Abstract

The current study aimed to investigate the distribution of to-infinitives and gerunds as the complements of the verbs begin and start diachronically and synchronically and to identify the lexical aspects of the complements of the verbs utilizing COCA, COHA and BNC. The results of the analysis revealed that the use of to-infinitives with both begin and start has decreased since 1960s and 2010s respectively, meanwhile the use of gerunds with both of them has increased gradually in general, and this trend has been more salient with start. According to the synchronic analysis of British and American English begin had a stronger preference for to-infinitives as its complement than gerunds in both Englishes, but the preference was stronger in British English than American English. Also, start was found to have a stronger preference for gerunds as its complement in both Englishes, but the preference for gerunds was stronger in American English than British English. Regarding the lexical aspects of the complements of the verbs, some similarities and differences were identified between American and British English. The verb begin with to-infinitives prefers stative verbs and the verb start with gerunds favors activity verbs in both Englishes in general. Meanwhile the verb start with gerunds also favors high frequent stative verbs in American English, but not in British English.


Keywords: begin, start, complements, to-infinitives, gerunds, synchronic analysis, diachronic analysis, COCA, COHA, BNC, lexical aspects

Acknowledgments

이 논문은 한양대학교 교내연구지원사업으로 연구되었음(HY-2017년도)


References
1. 민설희(Min, S. H.). 2013. See, Look at, Watch의 의미 비교(A Study of the Meanings of the Verbs See, Look at, and Watch). 석사학위논문, 전남대학교(Master’s thesis, Chun-Nam University, South Korea).
2. 심지영(Shim, J. Y). 2010. Finish와 end의 의미와 연어 비교연구(A comparative study on the verbs finish and end and their collocations). ≪현대문법연구≫(Studies in Modern Grammar) 62, 27-252.
3. 심지영(Shim, J. Y.). 2011. 코퍼스를 기반으로 한 begin과 start의 의미와 연어 비교(The corpus-based study on the verbs begin and start). ≪신영어영문학≫(The New Studies of English Language & Literature) 49, 227-252.
4. 이동주(Lee, D. J.). 2015. 코퍼스, 코퍼스 언어학, 그리고 영어교육(Corpora, corpus linguistics, and English language teaching). ≪외국어교육≫(Foreign Languages Education) 8, 23-46.
5. 정연창(Jung, Y. C.). 2013. 형용사 lovely와 cute의 사용에 대한 코퍼스 기반 연구(A corpus-based study of the use of the adjectives lovely and cute). ≪영어학연구≫ (English Language and Linguistics) 19, 185-208.
6. 하명호(Ha, M. H.). 2015. 영어 유의어 perfect와 absolute의 코퍼스 기반 분석(A corpus-based analysis of English near-synonyms perfect and absolute). ≪영어영문학연구≫(Studies in English Language and Literature) 57(2), 377-398.
7. Brinton, L. 1988. The Development of English Aspectual Systems: Aspectualizers and Postverbal Particles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
8. Cruse, D. A. 1986. Lexical Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
9. Edmonds, P. and G. Hirst. 2002. Near-synonymy and lexical choice. Computational Linguistics 28(2), 105-144.
10. Fischer, O. 1995. The distinction between to and bare infinitival complements in late Middle English. Diachronica 12, 1-30.
11. Kaleta, A. 2012. The English gerund vs. the to-infinitive: The case of aspectual constructions. In selected papers from UK-CLA Meetings. Retrieved from https://www.uk-cla.org.uk/files/proceedings/Kaleta.pdf (accessed June 2018).
12. Langacker, R. 2002. Concept, Image, and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis of Grammar (2nd ed.) Newyork: Mouton de Gruyter.
13. Mair, C. 2002. Three changing patterns of verb complementation in late modern English: A real-time study based on matching text corpora. English Language & Linguistics 6(1), 105-131.
14. McEnery, E. and A. Hardie. 2012. Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory, and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
15. Nesselhauf, N. 2003. The use of collocations by advanced learners of English and some implications for teaching. Applied Linguistics 24(2), 223-242.
16. Smith, C. S. 1997. The Parameter of Aspect (2nd ed.). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
17. Vendler, Z. 1967. Linguistics and Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

전지유(Jeon, Ji Yoo), 대학원생(Graduate Student)Graduate School of English Language and Literature, Hanyang UniversityPhone: 02) 2220-4477E-mail: jiyoov@gmail.com

이신웅(Lee, Shinwoong), 교수(Professor)Department of English Language and Literature, Hanyang UniversityPhone: 02) 2220-0745Email: shinwoonglee@hanyang.ac.kr