The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.564-587
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 21 Aug 2020 Revised 18 Sep 2020 Accepted 24 Sep 2020

코퍼스를 기반으로 한 동사 Begin과 Start의 보어결합 양상연구: To 부정사와 동명사를 중심으로
전지유** ; 이신웅***
**제1저자: 한양대학교 영어영문학과 석사과정 졸업
***교신저자: 한양대학교 영어영문학과 교수

A corpus-based study of the complements of begin and start: With a focus on to-infinitives and gerunds
Jiyou Jun** ; Shinwoong Lee***

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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The current study aimed to investigate the distribution of to-infinitives and gerunds as the complements of the verbs begin and start diachronically and synchronically and to identify the lexical aspects of the complements of the verbs utilizing COCA, COHA and BNC. The results of the analysis revealed that the use of to-infinitives with both begin and start has decreased since 1960s and 2010s respectively, meanwhile the use of gerunds with both of them has increased gradually in general, and this trend has been more salient with start. According to the synchronic analysis of British and American English begin had a stronger preference for to-infinitives as its complement than gerunds in both Englishes, but the preference was stronger in British English than American English. Also, start was found to have a stronger preference for gerunds as its complement in both Englishes, but the preference for gerunds was stronger in American English than British English. Regarding the lexical aspects of the complements of the verbs, some similarities and differences were identified between American and British English. The verb begin with to-infinitives prefers stative verbs and the verb start with gerunds favors activity verbs in both Englishes in general. Meanwhile the verb start with gerunds also favors high frequent stative verbs in American English, but not in British English.

Keywords: begin, start, complements, to-infinitives, gerunds, synchronic analysis, diachronic analysis, COCA, COHA, BNC, lexical aspects


이 논문은 한양대학교 교내연구지원사업으로 연구되었음(HY-2017년도)

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전지유(Jeon, Ji Yoo), 대학원생(Graduate Student)Graduate School of English Language and Literature, Hanyang UniversityPhone: 02) 2220-4477E-mail:

이신웅(Lee, Shinwoong), 교수(Professor)Department of English Language and Literature, Hanyang UniversityPhone: 02) 2220-0745Email: