The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.642-661
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2020
Received 10 Oct 2020 Revised 22 Oct 2020 Accepted 26 Oct 2020

중학생들의 영어 말하기 과제 유형별 선호도, 효과성, 난이도 인식 연구
하영은 ; 이진화**
제1저자, 중앙대
**교신저자, 중앙대

Middle school students’ perception of English speaking tasks in terms of preference, effectiveness, and difficulty
Young-Eun Ha ; Jin-Hwa Lee**
Chung-Ang University
**Chung-Ang University

Copyright 2020 KASELL
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study investigated how Korean middle school students perceive different types of English speaking tasks in terms of preference, effectiveness, and difficulty, and which task design features affect their perception. In addition, this study explored the relationship among the three aspects of perception. A total of 97 middle school students participated in a questionnaire survey. They rated preference, effectiveness, and difficulty of nine speaking tasks, which were classified by four design features and subsequent key dimensions (i.e., input medium, interaction relationship, cognitive processes, and outcome scope) based on Ellis’ task framework. The results showed that interaction relationship (i.e., one-way vs. two-way) and outcome scope (closed vs. open) significantly affected the participants’ perception. Specifically, the participants preferred closed tasks to open tasks and felt that the former are easier than the latter. They also perceived that one-way tasks are more effective than two-way tasks in enhancing their speaking ability, although they tended to consider the former more difficult. The correlation analysis further revealed that the participants’ task preference was moderately related with their perception of task effectiveness. The correlation between task preference and difficulty was weaker, with little correlation between task effectiveness and difficulty. Based on the results, pedagogical suggestions for designing and selecting tasks for task-based language teaching were discussed.

Keywords: task-based language teaching (TBLT), English speaking tasks, task classification, task perception, middle school students


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하영은(Ha, Young-Eun), 대학원생(Graduate Student)교육대학원 영어교육전공(English Education Major, Graduate School of Education)중앙대학교(Chung-Ang University)서울시 동작구 흑석로 84(84, Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974)E-mail:

이진화(Lee, Jin-Hwa), 교수(Professor)영어교육과(Dept. of English Education)중앙대학교(Chung-Ang University)서울시 동작구 흑석로 84(84, Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974)Tel: 02) 820-5400E-mail: