The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 21

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Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 21, No. 0, pp.44-55
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print) 2586-7474 (Online)
Received 24 Dec 2020 Revised 11 Jan 2021 Accepted 25 Jan 2021

단순 반복학습과 창의적 반복학습의 한국 성인 영어학습자의 어휘학습에 미치는 효과

The effects of repetition & generation on Korean EFL adult learners’ vocabulary learning
Dongho Kang
Professor, Dept. of English Language and Literature, Seoul Natl. Univ. of Science and Technology, Tel: 02-970-6250 (

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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study investigated the effects of two kinds of repetitions (retrieval and generation) on Korean adult learners’ vocabulary acquisition. Twenty-eight adult learners in college of lifelong education in Korea were divided into two experimental groups, and further grouped into intermediate and beginner proficiency levels. Both groups listened to the target expressions (Korean and English) before on-line instructions, where they practiced English production of Korean translation. Then the retrieval group was exposed to the same kind of mechanical repetition while the generation group, to the creative use of the expressions in conversation. The ANCOVA statistics showed no significant differences between the two groups in the post-test, but the paired-samples t-tests indicate that the intermediate levels improved between pre-test and post-test more than the beginner levels in Generation (Creative use). The theoretic and pedagogical discussions were made in the conclusion.

Keywords: vocabulary acquisition, retrieval, generation, repetition, lifelong education, EFL

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