The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 21

[ Article ]
Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 21, No. 0, pp.678-696
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print) 2586-7474 (Online)
Received 01 Jun 2021 Revised 20 Jul 2021 Accepted 23 Jul 2021

Buckeye 코퍼스에 나타난 영어 원어민 화자의 논평 화용 표지어 억양 연구: 증거 표지어를 중심으로
황병후 ; 이효신
건국대학교 글로컬캠퍼스
건국대학교 글로컬캠퍼스

The intonation of commentary pragmatic markers of native English speakers in the Buckeye Corpus: Focused on evidential markers
Byeonghoo Hwang ; Hyoshin Lee
(1st author) Doctor, Konkuk Univ. Glocal Campus, Tel: (043)840-3410 (
(corresponding author) Professor, Konkuk Univ. Glocal Campus, Tel: (043)840-3336 (

© 2021 KASELL All rights reserved
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There are few studies on the intonation of commentary pragmatic markers, although pragmatic markers and intonation play a significant role in understanding the nature of discourse reflecting the dynamics of language. The current study aims to describe the intonation of commentary pragmatic markers of native English speakers using the Buckeye Corpus, chosen for its natural interview-spoken data. Based on the frequency of appearance, two evidential markers, definitely and obviously, were selected to be analyzed. These markers were categorized by isolated, initial, middle, and final positions within the utterance. Initially, the pitch contour, pitch range, and pitch length of these markers were analyzed to describe the intonation. Next, the patterns and aspects of intonation were analyzed in reference to the positions of these markers. Findings show that a passive attitude with a low degree of confidence toward the basic text message was observed in the isolated position of utterance. Contrarily the most active attitude with a high degree of confidence in the basic text message was observed in the initial position of utterance. It was also found that a loose intonation pattern with the most static was seen in the isolated position of utterance, whereas the most dynamic intonation pattern was seen in the initial position of utterance.

Keywords: intonation, commentary pragmatic markers, evidential markers, Buckeye Corpus


This paper was based on the doctoral thesis of Byeonghoo Hwang.

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