The Korean Association for the Study of English Language and Linguistics

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Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 24

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Korea Journal of English Language and Linguistics - Vol. 24, No. 0, pp. 175-193
Abbreviation: KASELL
ISSN: 1598-1398 (Print) 2586-7474 (Online)
Print publication date 31 Jan 2024
Received 22 Oct 2023 Revised 23 Jan 2024 Accepted 10 Mar 2024

한국인의 영어 차용 과정에서 나타나는 어말 자음에 따른 음절 인지양상 연구

Perception of English coda stops by Korean listeners
Jungyeon Kim
Kangwon National University, Tel: 033-250-6635 (

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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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This research focuses on whether Korean listeners unnecessarily hear an illusory vowel following a word-final stop in English although a voiceless stop in this position is allowed in Korean. In a syllable count judgment, Korean participants listened to English pseudo words ending in a stop and they were directed to count the number of syllables in each word. This research delved into six distinct linguistic elements that could impact the perception of a second language, i.e., release, voicing, and place of word-final stop, tenseness of pre-stop vowel, final stress, and word size. The present findings demonstrate that Korean listeners actually hear an extra syllable when the English nonce word ends in a released stop or a syllable containing a tense vowel. This outcome lends support to the prediction of perception model in adaptation, suggesting that unnecessary vowel insertion does not appear to be driven by a production grammar sustaining perceptual similarity between the English form and Korean pronunciation; instead, it arises from the misperception of English words.

Keywords: syllables, perception, illusory vowels, stop release


This study was supported by 2023 Research Grant from Kangwon National University.

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